formation option binaire xtb
define non qualified stock options
can you exercise stock options after quitting
options rider last update
make money online trading binary options
stock options futures
black scholes put option formula
option strategies nishita bhatt
bo track elite v12 binary options trading indicators
best binary option company
what is the number 4 in binary
tendance option binaire forex
option pricing models and volatility using excel vba download
live binary options trading room
options fiat bravo elegance
facebook stock options
fx basket options example
binary options are
winning strategy for binary option trading
intraday stock options tips
stock options t chart
e trade call options
psu stock options definition
contabilidad de stock options
interactive brokers options prices
binary stock trading websites
turbo 5 minute binary options
karen the option trader
binary option payoff
binary trading tools
option market value formula
journal entries for cashless exercise of stock options
dsu stock options
ig index option trading
best stocks to sell put options on
meilleur plateforme trading option binaire
tendance option binaire graphique
forex options
binary decimal octal hexadecimal definition
cra stock option benefit t4
no deposit bonus option binary
ftse 100 stock options
stock options disney
binary options signal reviews
what is a digital option
free forex binary options signals
what does binary mean in statistics
how to bet on binary options
stock option analysis software
trading strategies in options india
binary options robot free
what is the importance of binary number system in digital computer
broker binary option terbaik
option strategy condor spread
stock options offer letter
option binaire thami kabbaj
option trade in stock market
best option trading brokers
binary option investopedia
futures and options trading in nse
options trade base
stock options finance
companies repricing stock options
when are employee stock options taxed
options fx trading
binary knock out option
options trading open interest definition
stock options tax law
stock options software
best option brokers
mike binary option channel
option binaire forex avis
binary options brokers us
option strategy software nse
transferring stock options to revocable trust
what is depth of complete binary tree
online trading interactive brokers options broker
canadian tax stock options
binary options money
binary option trading in south africa
free binary options trading signals 2014
capital gains tax stock options uk
buy a put option strategy
cra taxation of stock options
google employee stock options
are binary options regulated by the fsa
option trading software comparison
excess tax benefit of stock options
option strategy builder software
should i trade options
what is cryptic binary machine language
taxation of stock options in canada
binary options bullet software
employee stock options accounting ifrs
binary options where does the money come from
binary options bullet worldwide investment
fx option trading ideas
free binary options trading software
stock options at work
what is the best trading platform for options
binary betting guide
ct option withdrawal
options trading bid ask price
how are stock options priced
delta for binary option
binary option trading charts
stock options alcatel
best binary broker in the world
forget forex succeed with a binary options strategy
binary number system conversion examples
theta in options trading
option trader pro download
stock options fundamentals
binary options the straddle
binary regression minitab
site option binaire autoris en france
free stock option portfolio tracker
what is the formula for the binary compound formed by potassium and iodine
binary options trading forum
how to trade binary options for a living
investing binary options
stock options enron
bearish option trading strategies
stock option trading system
forex binary option strategy
best website to learn options trading
dividends on stock options
option trading shares
electronic fx options trading
fidelity option trader pro manual
etf options trading service
option trading diagrams
binary option without deposit
p3 options trading system reviews
binary option broker best
cash exercise of stock options tax
gnu arm linker options
banc de binary review 2012
options trading advice free
capital gains tax on stock options uk
stock option market price
anyoption binary options trading
trading index options strategies
1 ranked binary options broker
it 113 benefits to employees stock options
binary options ninjatrader
what is option in share trading
binary option logic
stock options futures explained
stocks options futures forex bonds
binary trading halal or haram
master options canadian tire
ltd stock options
equity option trading jobs
advanced options trading approaches tools and techniques for professionals
training in binary options
binary system stock market
option binaire graphique en temps rel
binary option egopay
stock option trading uk
successful stock option traders
price action strategies for binary options
virtual trading optionsxpress
basis in incentive stock options
option one exteriors
what is binary fission in amoeba
difference between short selling put option
binary stock option trading
binary options elite signals review
online currency options trading
option trading spreadsheet
options trading strategies near expiry
option stars binary
stock options shareholder approval
the volatility edge in options trading download
buy stock options basics
regulated binary option trading
netmavrik binary options
fx options and structured products wiki
how to avoid capital gains tax on stock options
what is binary json
binary option free ebook
binary option best
employee stock option tax calculator
option xe trader
fx compound options
increasing alpha with options trading strategies using technical analysis and market indicators
best free binary trading charts

AFRICA: Maputo Protocol

The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the rights of Women in Africa commonly referred to as The Maputo Protocol was adopted in Mozambique on July 11, 2003. It went into effect in November 2005 after 15 of the 53 African Union Member States Ratified it.

It is indeed a positive step towards combating discrimination and violence against women and significant in the efforts to promote and ensure respect for the rights of African Women.

The Maputo Protocol came out of the realization that women's rights in Africa were often marginalized especially in the context of human rights and thus the need for an international binding instrument addressing and protecting their rights. The protocol among others requires African governments to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women in Africa, and to promote equality between men and women. Member States are obliged to integrate a gender perspective in their policy decisions, legislation, development plans, and activities, and to ensure the overall well being of women.

The main articles of the Maputo Protocol include the Elimination of discrimination against women; Right to dignity; Right to life, integrity and security of the person; Elimination of harmful practices(especially Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and other traditional practices that are harmful to women); Marriage, separation, divorce and annulment of marriage; Access to justice and equal protection before the law; Right to Participation in the Political and Decision-Making; Process Right to Peace Protection of Women in Armed Conflicts; Right to Education and Training; Economic and Social Welfare Rights ;Health and Reproductive Rights ;Right to Food Security; Right to Adequate Housing; Right to Positive Cultural Context; Right to a Healthy and Sustainable Environment; Right to Sustainable Development ;Widows' Rights ; Right to Inheritance; Special Protection of Elderly Women; Special Protection of Women with Disabilities; Special Protection of Women in Distress; and Remedies.

Its important to note that there are two contentious issues in the Maputo Protocol which have brought about its opposition; the article on reproductive health, especially on legalization of abortion, which is mainly opposed by Catholics and other Christians and the provisions on female genital mutilation, polygamous marriages and other traditional practices. These are some of the reasons that have led to the slow ratification of the protocol by many African states. Of the 53 African Union Member states, 46 have so far signed the Protocol and as of January 2013, 36th African countries have ratified it. Four Countries have neither signed nor ratified the Maputo Protocol.

States that have signed but not ratified (16):

Algeria, Burundi, Central Africa Republic,Chad, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Madagascar, Mauritius, Niger, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sao Tome & Principe, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan,Tunisia

States that have Signed & Ratified (36):

Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros,Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana,Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Seychelles,Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


States that have neither signed nor ratified (2):

Botswana, Egypt


To read the Maputo Protocol document, please click here

The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol)