The Republic of Mauritius has an estimated population of 1.3 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Port Louis. Mauritius has an area of 2,040 sq km (788 sq miles). The main languages are English (official), Creole, French, and Indian languages.
Mauritius became independent in 1968 from Britain. Mauritius has a long reputation for stability, despite its mixed population race of Europeans, Asians and Africans. The country has one of the best standards of living in Africa and has developed one of the most successful democracies in the world.
The government has taken measures to promote gender. Women’s participation in politics is increasing rapidly. However, widespread violence against women such as sexual abuse, domestic violence remains a major problem.