The Republic of Somalia has an estimated population of 9.3 million (UN, 2010). The capital is Mogadishu. Somalia has an area of 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles). The main languages are Somali, Arabic, Italian, and English

As a former British protectorate and an Italian colony, the two merged together to form the new nation of Somalia in 1969.  Since the fall of president Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991, years of fighting between rival warlords combined with famine, disease and frequent drought have led to the death of up to one million people. Somalia is considered as Africa's worst humanitarian crisis.

Violence against women such as early marriage, female genital mutilation and domestic violence are widespread in Somalia. Women are afraid to speak out against abuse for fear that their family and community at large will shun them. Women have no political voice and they don't take part in decision-making.

  • Somalia has not signed or  ratified the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (The Maputo Protocol).
  • The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was signed by Somalia on the 23rd of February 2006 but it has not ratified it.
  • Somalia has not yet adopted a National Action Plan on United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR).
  • There was a UN peacekeeping mandate in Somalia: United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) from April 1992 to March 1993 and United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOMA II) from March 1993 to March 1995.

Source: BBC, AlertNet, CIA, UN, SIGI,

SOMALIA: The Blurred Line Between Politics of Subjectivity and Women Rights
SOMALIA: The First Lady On Violence Against Women "Without Institutions or Rights Here Are the Origins"
SOMALIA: Thousands Reached In Somalia Reproductive Health Campaign
SOMALIA: Thousands Reached in Somalia Reproductive Health Campaign
SOMALIA: Tough Foreign Policy Challenges for Somalia’s “Iron Lady”
SOMALIA: Traditional Elders Fuel Sexual Violations In Somalia
SOMALIA: Two women defy the odds to run for president in Somalia
SOMALIA: U.S. Moves to Reduce Violence in Somalia
SOMALIA: UN Denounces 'Privatization' of Violence Against Somali Women
SOMALIA: UN Envoy on Sexual Violence in Conflict Starts First Official Visit to Somalia
SOMALIA: UN official Condemns Arrest of Somali Journalist for Reporting on Rape Case
SOMALIA: UN Official Voices Concern Over Reports of Rape of Somali Women Fleeing Famine
SOMALIA: UN Official Voices Concern Over Reports of Rape of Somali women fleeing famine
SOMALIA: UN Official Welcome 'Historic" Approval of New Constitution
SOMALIA: UN Says Nation Beginning 'Profound Transformation'
SOMALIA: UN Secretary-General, 'Deeply Disappointed' over Jailing of Alleged Rape Victim, Urges Somalia to Investigate Sexual Violence Claims Fully
SOMALIA: UN Voices Concern About Sexual Violence Against Fleeing Somali Women
SOMALIA: Warring Parties Put Children at Grave Risk
SOMALIA: Warrior pose heals Somali women traumatised by war, abuse
SOMALIA: Woman Alleging Rape Cleared, Journalist Convicted - Ruling Is Serious Defeat for Media Freedom
Go to top